If you’re a man trying taking care of your health, bravo. Men are far less inclined to seek health care information. If you have a loved one to nudge about his health, then this information is for you, too.

In the second of this three-part series, we’ll look at some health issues that men may face in their 40s and actions they can take to help prevent some of the effects that aging has on their bodies.

In your 40s

As your metabolism slows in your 40s, you main experience that middle-age spread. Weight becomes harder to lose with a lower metabolism. Men tend to gain weight around the middle. An expanding waistline can be a predictor of heart disease and diabetes. It is important to continue to exercise regularly – that means at least 30 minutes each day – to get to or maintain your healthy weight. Exercise can also reduce the effects that aging has on your muscles, heart, and brain.

You may start to feel more stiffness, so put an added focus on flexibility now. By improving your flexibility, you are also gaining or maintaining mobility and strength. Both play a key role in balance. Practicing yoga weekly has been shown to increase flexibility and reduce stress.

Speaking of stress…you may be facing greater stress levels in your 40s as you feel more career, financial, and family pressures. Exercise and, yes, yoga, or meditation, if you like that, can help you reduce stress.

Testosterone levels begin to decrease in your 40s. A decrease in sex drive sometimes accompanies this, but not always, so talk to your doctor if this is an issue for you. Fertility also starts to decline rapidly in your 40s. See your doctor for options if you and your partner wish to have children. The male role in infertility cannot be overlooked.

As you age, your prostate may become larger and start to cause urinary issues and other problems. The prostate is generally the size and shape of a walnut. It is located below the bladder, in front of the rectum, and surrounds the urethra which carries urine from the bladder out through the penis.Some symptoms of an enlarged prostate include: the need to urinate frequently, especially at night; difficulty in beginning to urinate; pushing or straining in order to urinate; dribbling after urination ends; decreased size and strength of the urine stream; and sensation that the bladder is not empty even after urinating. It’s time to have your prostate checked if you are experiencing any of these urinary issues.